Chase Twichell's poetry is marked by a strong identification with the natural world, one that exceeds any with other human beings. There's a dissociation born of a rough childhood, which only the later poems address head-on, though many earlier ones circle around it. Central early concerns are the heartbreak of love between men and women, the ecological decimation of our planet, and the nature of the human mind. Horses Where the Answers Should Have Been shows the evolution of a distinctive voice in American poetry through several collections written over 35 years.
Beginning with Perdido (1991), each of her collections has had a distinct centre of gravity, with each poem contributing to a whole larger than the sum of its parts. Perdido probes the relationship between love and death. The Ghost of Eden (1995) grieves and rails against our poor stewardship of the earth. The Snow Watcher (1998) chronicles the early years of her study of Zen Buddhism – a crucial influence on all her later work – and begins to address a central fact of her childhood: early sexual abuse at the hands of a "family friend", and a lifelong battle with depression. Dog Language (2005) continues to explore these themes, and also the dementia and death of her father from alcoholism. In the background, questions regarding the human self continue to arise.
The new poems of Horses Where the Answers Should Have Been are much more frontal in their treatment of these evolving, interlocked concerns, forthrightly taking on childhood sexual trauma, mental illness and substance abuse. But the heart of the book is the poems' focus on Twichell's continuing, deepening enquiry into the nature of the self as seen through the eyes of Zen. What is most interesting (and problematic) about these poems is that just as poetry goes where prose cannot, so Zen goes where language cannot. Thus the poems become sparer and sparer as they approach saying what cannot be said.
'Suppose you had Sappho’s passion, the intelligence and perspicacity of Curie, and Dickinson’s sweet wit, all mixed into a brilliantly shifting connectivity of ideas, scenes, creatures, phantoms, moods, and suspicions, and set her in the life we know we live. Then you would have the poems of Chase Twichell, which are so splendid and astonishing' – Hayden Carruth.
'They are full of sharp observation, both of the world and herself, unsentimental poems with a sinewy intellectual toughness…they open out into a stark, sometimes bewildered clarity’ – Robert Hass, Washington Post
USA: Copper Canyon Press
Chase Twichell reads 'Savin Rock'
Chase Twichell reads her poem 'Savin Rock', which recalls and questions her memory of being 'the girl who was eventually returned to her family unharmed'. Pamela Robertson-Pearce filmed Chase Twichell reading a selection of poems from Horses Where the Answers Should Have Been at her home in the Keene Valley in the Adirondacks in September 2009. More footage from this film will be made available at a later date. The rocking-horse seen in this extract is a recently restored relic from Chase Twichell's childhood.